Testing the violation of conservatism accounting principle. Case study on Romanian listed entities

  • Ovidiu BUNGET West University of Timisoara
  • Eusebiu BUREANA West University of Timisoara
Keywords: Conservatism Principle, Econometric Models, Financial and Non-Financial Indicators

Abstract

From the beginning of the debates regarding the conserva­tism principle, the concept experienced a significant de­velopment. As it is one of the most controversial and vio­lated accounting principle, we started to seek how can we help one of the auditor’s challenge in the audit mission: to identify and evaluate the risks from the financial statement level. The most affected accounting principle in Romania is the conservatism principle. After a long time of debates, it was stated that the conservatism principle, considered to be complementary to the “fair view” concept, which means that financial reports shall be required to submit information so impartial and in such a manner as to enable the reader to understand them clearly. Considered as a risk that should be identified, this study demonstrates a relationship be­tween the violation of the conservatism principle and the analysis of the financial indicators, such as: Long-Term-Debt-to-Equity Ratio; Debt-to-Equity Ratio; Global Solvency Ratio; Operating Margin Ratio; Current Finance Ratio; Period of Activity Indicator and Auditor Indicator. Based on a quan­titative method, this analyze was realized through three econometric model performed on annual financial state­ments of the companies from Bucharest Stock Exchange. After validating the sample and analyzing the factorial vari­ables, we selected the best model: the probit model. In con­clusion, as can be seen in the paper, the econometric func­tion is efficient, reliable and can be applied to assess the risk likelihood for violating the conservatism principle by a Romanian company.

Author Biographies

Ovidiu BUNGET, West University of Timisoara

Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Acoounting Department

Associate Professor, PhD

Eusebiu BUREANA, West University of Timisoara
MSc Graduate

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Published
2016-03-08
How to Cite
BUNGET, O., & BUREANA, E. (2016). Testing the violation of conservatism accounting principle. Case study on Romanian listed entities. Timisoara Journal of Economics and Business, 8(2), 183-202. Retrieved from https://www.tjeb.ro/index.php/tjeb/article/view/TJEB8-2_183to202
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Articles